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4 Common Types of Conveyors Used In The Automotive Sector

4 Common Types of Conveyors Used In The Automotive Sector

December 30, 2022

The automotive sector is one of the largest manufacturing industries in the world. Making and transporting parts such as engine blocks, chassis, bumper seats, drivetrains and more, it’s evident that most of these individual and assembled components are extremely heavy. Hence, in order to transport them securely and efficiently within a manufacturing facility, conveyor systems are extensively used, especially those that are embedded in the floor, such as floor rollers and slats. Here, the operation of 4 such common varieties of conveyors will be seen in detail.


Types of conveyors used in the automotive sector.


Floor Roller Conveyor

In terms of robustness and longevity, roller conveyors are unmatched. A common fixture in most automotive manufacturing plants, their extremely durable surface makes it easy to transport heavy loads across distances. Although they can be non-powered or powered, in this industry, roller conveyors are generally chain driven and can effectively transport heavy pallets and unit loads across the plant.

Slat Conveyor

Typically used in an assembly line, slat conveyors are also mounted flush to the floor to allow easy access for factory floor workers. Due to its proximity to the ground, it can handle loads of multiple engines, cars and even entire trucks. Apart from the ability to handle heavy loads, slat conveyors come in handy in situations where a belt or roller conveyor might be unsuitable.

Towline Conveyor

A staple in assembly lines especially in the automotive sector, towline conveyors are also embedded in the floor or are even mounted beneath the floor level to not obstruct space within the facility. It uses a powerful chain and motor system to transport heavy loads, which are placed on a cart. The tow chain pulls these carts to their desired destination. Their simplistic yet rugged design makes them an extremely effective fixture on the shop floor.

Overhead Conveyor

While floor conveyors are excellent for handling heavy loads, they can be a bit clunky in terms of directional flexibility, a problem mitigated by overhead conveyors. Operating much like a monorail, these conveyors use the space above the shop floor to transport parts such as bumpers and doors which are not extremely heavy. They can be operated either via a chain or trollies and can be designed to take a loop or travel in a straight line.

Hence, these are the 4 common types of conveyors that are found in most automotive manufacturing facilities. 

For professional guidance and advice on installing as well as efficiently handling conveyor systems, give Norpak Handling a call today. We will be happy to provide extensive consultations in order to ensure you choose the best conveyor system for your particular application.

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